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Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 6 - Desalting
 
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Exxonmobil Crude Assays: http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/company/worldwide-operations/crude-oils/assays More on Desalting and Emulsions: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/285236397_Crude_Oil_Desalting_Process Example of commercial demulsifiers http://www.eonchemicals.com/demulsifier-for-desalter-unit/ How thick is crude oil in relation to honey and water? Suggested ans Honey has viscosity of 10,000 cPs http://www.vp-scientific.com/Viscosity_Tables.htm Honey has SG of 1.42 https://www.stevespanglerscience.com/lab/experiments/seven-layer-density-column/ This is makes honey ~7000 cSt. Water ~ 1 cSt Basrah heavy – ~50 cSt at room temp ~3 cSt at desalting temperatures (90-150C) References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. [3] Pereira, Juan & Velásquez, Ingrid & Blanco, Ronald & Sanchez, Meraldo & Pernalete, César & Canelon, Carlos. (2015). Crude Oil Desalting Process. 67-84. 10.5772/61274. Petroleum Refining Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
Views: 6185 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 17 - Delayed Coking
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Some useful websites for delayed coking processes: https://www.processengr.com/ppt_presentations/coking_101.pdf https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=9731 https://www.cbi.com/getattachment/ea7f4825-4029-48c3-9f19-7d829f7736cb/Delayed-Coking.aspx http://coking.com/delayed-coker-unit-dcu/ My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 3024 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 1 - Introduction and Cost Breakdown of Oil Products
 
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As Promised: Exxonmobil Annual Report (see summary annual report 2016, page 32-33) http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/company/multimedia/publications/overview Answer to Homework Question: Let's first get an estimate of how much product on average we get from a barrel of oil. According to the EIA in 2016, we have 20 gallons of gasoline, 4 gallons of jet fuel, 11 gallons of distillate fuel (I assume it’s diesel for simplicity), and about 10 gallons of other stuff like heating oil, naphtha etc. Here's the website https://www.eia.gov/tools/glossary/index.php?id=Distillate%20fuel%20oil So how much is gasoline per gallon? About US$2.84 on average. And Diesel? About the same (I checked on 16 November 2017) $2.84 Prices are from this website: http://gasprices.aaa.com/ And jet fuel? US$5.20 per gallon on average or more http://aviationweek.com/bca/jet-and-avgas-fuel-prices-august-2015 What about that other stuff? My price estimate will be more conservative, I'm assuming all that other stuff is bunker fuel - a very thick cheap oil used for ships. Some sources say it costs $380 per metric tonne https://shipandbunker.com/prices/apac/sea/sg-sin-singapore So what's US$380 per MT to cost per gallon? Density of bunker First convert it to volume: (0.98 specific gravity) 980 kg/m3 http://www.viscopedia.com/viscosity-tables/substances/bunker-oil-marine-fuel-oil/ So 1 MT is 1000kg and that is about 1000 kg / 990 kgm-3 = 1.02 m3 Convert that to a number of gallons on google, we get about 269.5 gallons. Compute the cost US$380/269.5 gallons = US$1.41 per gal If we have other more expensive stuff besides bunker, we have an average of about US$1.70 based on just a rough gauge. Lets say in 2015 the average cost of oil is US$50 per 42 gal (1bbl) And let’s sum up the revenues per barrel: Revenue from Gasoline + Revenue from Diesel + Revenue from Jet Fuel + Revenue from Other Products 2.84*11 + 2.84*20 + 5.2*4 + 1.70*10 = $125.84 We can make about US$125.84 revenue per barrel. References/Bibliography [1] EIA, Petroleum Products Made from a Barrel of Crude Oil 2016, 2016. [2] ExxonMobil, Annual Report, ExxonMobil, 2016. [3] R.D. Shell, Annual Report, Royal Dutch Shell plc, 2016. [4] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [5] Magellan, Pipeline Product Specifications, 2017. [6] L. Gibbs, Motor Gasoline Technical Review, Chevron, 2009. [7] J. Bacha, Diesel Fuel Technical Review, Chevron, 2007. [8] S.B. Bakshi, F.H. Henderson, PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVELS FOR SELECTED MILITARY FUEL VAPORS, Inhalation Toxicology, 10 (1998) 955-961. [9] M.B. Vermeire, Everything You Need to Know about Marine Fuels, Chevron Global Marine Products, Belgium, 2012. [10] Chevron, Ethylene High Purity Pipeline Specifications, Chevron Phillips, 2010. [11] T. MAHMOOD, OIL TRANSPORT, STUDENT ENERGY, 2017. [12] D. Kodjak, POLICIES TO REDUCE FUEL CONSUMPTION, AIR POLLUTION, AND CARBON EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLES IN G20 NATIONS, 2015. [13] IMO, IMO sets 2020 date for ships to comply with low sulphur fuel oil requirement International Maritime Organisation, 2016. [14] R.G. Daniel Monzón, Alfredo Verna, Micaela Carlino, What is next for petroleum downstream?, Arthur D. Little, 2016. [15] BP, Annual Report, BP, 2016. Petroleum Refining Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
Views: 2635 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 8 -  Distillation (Vacuum Tower)
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. How the High Vacuum Unit works by refining nz. http://www.refiningnz.com/visitors--learning/classroom--learning-resources/learning-centre/how-it-works---the-refining-process/high-vacuum-unit.aspx Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
Views: 2143 Theo Ong
Thermodynamics - Maxwell Relations
 
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Derivation of Maxwell Relations Thermodynamics Playlist here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6onfsjf7Ho&list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
Views: 20559 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 14 - Thermal Cracking Coil Visbreakers
 
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TGU schematic: http://studylib.net/doc/8197657/shell-thermal-gasoil Shell TGU: http://www.shell.com/business-customers/global-solutions/refinery-technology-licensing/thermal-conversion.html References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 568 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 3 - Crude's Hydrocarbon Distribution
 
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What is WTI crude? WTI is west texas intermediate crude from the US. When you hear oil is reaching $60 a barrel what crudes oils are you usually referring to? It usually refers to WTI or Brent. These are your standard benchmarks. Exxonmobil Crude Oil Assay http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/company/worldwide-operations/crude-oils/assays Check Oil Prices https://oilprice.com/oil-price-charts References/Bibliography [1] EIA, Petroleum Products Made from a Barrel of Crude Oil 2016, 2016. [2] ExxonMobil, Annual Report, ExxonMobil, 2016. [3] R.D. Shell, Annual Report, Royal Dutch Shell plc, 2016. [4] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [5] Magellan, Pipeline Product Specifications, 2017. [6] L. Gibbs, Motor Gasoline Technical Review, Chevron, 2009. [7] J. Bacha, Diesel Fuel Technical Review, Chevron, 2007. [8] S.B. Bakshi, F.H. Henderson, PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVELS FOR SELECTED MILITARY FUEL VAPORS, Inhalation Toxicology, 10 (1998) 955-961. [9] M.B. Vermeire, Everything You Need to Know about Marine Fuels, Chevron Global Marine Products, Belgium, 2012. [10] Chevron, Ethylene High Purity Pipeline Specifications, Chevron Phillips, 2010. [11] T. MAHMOOD, OIL TRANSPORT, STUDENT ENERGY, 2017. [12] D. Kodjak, POLICIES TO REDUCE FUEL CONSUMPTION, AIR POLLUTION, AND CARBON EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLES IN G20 NATIONS, 2015. [13] IMO, IMO sets 2020 date for ships to comply with low sulphur fuel oil requirement International Maritime Organisation, 2016. [14] R.G. Daniel Monzón, Alfredo Verna, Micaela Carlino, What is next for petroleum downstream?, Arthur D. Little, 2016. [15] BP, Annual Report, BP, 2016. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE Apologies for the cut at the start. It's mostly introduction to say why we're interested to find out about the hydrocarbon composition in crude - especially from a money making perspective.
Views: 768 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 20 - Hydrotreating (Hydrodesulfurisation) HDS
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Reforming lecture nptel http://nptel.ac.in/courses/103107082/module6/lecture6/lecture6.pdf Diesel Fuel Standards and Rulemakings- EPA https://www.epa.gov/diesel-fuel-standards/diesel-fuel-standards-and-rulemakings Surface science model of a working cobalt-promoted molybdenum sulfide hydrodesulfurization catalyst : characterization and reactivity https://pure.tue.nl/ws/files/1502417/617582.pdf Transition Metal Sulfide Catalysts for Petroleum Upgrading – Hydrodesulfurization Reactions http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/39734/InTech-Transition_metal_sulfide_catalysts_for_petroleum_upgrading_hydrodesulfurization_reactions.pdf The role of cobalt and molybdenum sulphides in hydrodesulphurisation catalysts: A review http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022508874901192 My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 2812 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 23 - Hydrocracking Fundamentals
 
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References/Bibliography Three-stage hydrocarbon hydrocracking process US 3026260 A https://www.google.com/patents/US3026260 Destructive hydrogenation (one of the earlier hydrocracking patents) US 1984596 A https://www.google.com/patents/US1984596 [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Hydrocracking processes and catalysts https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037838209390085I Hydrocracking – Haldor TopSoe http://www.digitalrefining.com/data/literature/file/958198732.pdf Residue Hydroprocessing Process for hydrocracking heavy oils in two stages US 3254017 A https://www.google.com/patents/US3254017 For those interested in Hydrocracking Chemistry and Catalysis: Hydrocracking Chemistry and Catalysis Mechanism of Hydrocracking. Reactions of Paraffins and Olefins H. L. Coonradt and W. E. Garwood Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development 1964 3 (1), 38-45 DOI: 10.1021/i260009a010 Weitkamp, J. (2012), Catalytic Hydrocracking—Mechanisms and Versatility of the Process. ChemCatChem, 4: 292–306. doi:10.1002/cctc.201100315 H. Krannila, W.O. Haag, B.C. Gates, Monomolecular and bimolecular mechanisms of paraffin cracking: n-butane cracking catalyzed by HZSM-5, Journal of Catalysis, Volume 135, Issue 1, 1992, Pages 115-124, ISSN 0021-9517, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9517(92)90273-K. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002195179290273K) Different Hydrocracking Catalysts by UOP https://www.uop.com/products/catalysts/hydroprocessing/
Views: 2703 Theo Ong
HYSYS   MEAmine Absorption and Stripping with Adaptive Solver
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 3276 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 24 - Residue Hydroprocessing
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Gas-liquid contacting process (The Ebullated Reactor) US 2987465 A https://www.google.com/patents/US2987465 Ebullated bed hydrocracking (online catalyst replacement) US 3617524 A https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US3617524 High conversion level hydrogenation of residuum (Efficiency Improvement) US 3338820 A https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US3338820 Ebullated bed hydroprocessing systems (Improvements for adapting the reactor to lower quality feeds) US 7815870 B2 https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US7815870 Process for the catalytic destructive hydrogenation of heavy oils or residues containing asphalt (Single Stage Hydrocracking of Asphalt containing oils/residues) US 2325072 A https://www.google.com/patents/US2325072 LC fining (eg. of Ebullated Bed Process) http://www.chevrontechnologymarketing.com/Documents/2012_AM-12-73_Baldassari.pdf
Views: 836 Theo Ong
Distillation: Common Types of Trays
 
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Source(s): Good book for you: https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Design-Henry-Z-Kister/dp/0070349096 Some other useful websites: http://seperationtechnology.com/distillation-column-tray-selection-1/ Shows some diagrams of valve trays http://www.wermac.org/equipment/distillation_part2.html My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 2538 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 10 - Distillation Cut Point Control Part II (Gaps and Overlaps)
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Aviation Fuel Specs - Exxonmobil: https://www.exxonmobil.com/en/aviation/products-and-services/products/jet-a-jet-a-1 Atmospheric Distillation Process Fundamental Concepts - Andrew W. Sloley https://www.ch2m.com/sites/default/files/content/person/attachments/Atmospheric%20Distillation%20Process%20%E2%80%93%20Fundamental%20Concepts%20_no%20appendexes_.pdf Cut Point Adjustment (Penn State University): https://www.e-education.psu.edu/fsc432/content/cut-points Quality Control Video - Distillation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zE5mFUNbdIA Distillation Troubleshooting – Henry Kister https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Troubleshooting-Henry-Z-Kister-ebook/dp/B006ISI2RG/ref=mt_kindle?_encoding=UTF8&me= Distillation Operations / Distillation Design – Henry Kister https://www.accessengineeringlibrary.com/browse/distillation-operation#c9780070349100ch15 https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Operation-Henry-Z-Kister/dp/007034910X https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Design-Henry-Z-Kister/dp/0070349096/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1512293995&sr=1-1&keywords=distillation+design Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems 1st Edition, Kindle Edition - Norman Lieberman https://www.amazon.com/Process-Equipment-Malfunctions-Techniques-Identify-ebook/dp/B006HS75G6/ref=pd_sim_351_5?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=307PRP1QQX7ZYMB4ZZZP My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 637 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 4  - Crude Impurities
 
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ExxonMobil Crude Oil Assay http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/company/worldwide-operations/crude-oils/assays What other impurities in a crude can inhibit chemical reactions by deactivating its catalysts? Give three examples. Suggested Answer: Besides metals, silica can also act as a poison. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926860X12006424 Patricia Pérez-Romo, Candido Aguilar-Barrera, Juan Navarrete-Bolaños, Luis M. Rodríguez-Otal, Francisco Hernández Beltrán, José Fripiat, Silica poisoning in HDT catalysts by light coker naphtha, In Applied Catalysis A: General, Volume 449, 2012, Pages 183-187, ISSN 0926-860X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2012.10.001. Sulfur can also act as a poison http://www.technology.matthey.com/pdf/53-110-pmr-apr06.pdf#page=58 Dunleavy, J. K. (2006). Sulfur as a catalyst poison. Platinum Metals Review, 50(2), 110. Nitrogen poisoning effect on the catalytic cracking of gasoil G. Caeiro, A.F. Costa, H.S. Cerqueira, P. Magnoux, J.M. Lopes, P. Matias, F. Ramôa Ribeiro, Nitrogen poisoning effect on the catalytic cracking of gasoil, In Applied Catalysis A: General, Volume 320, 2007, Pages 8-15, ISSN 0926-860X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2006.11.031. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926860X06008908 Keywords: Catalytic cracking; Vacuum gasoil; Nitrogen poisoning; Acid treatment; Equilibrium catalyst Carbon from crude (coke) can form on the catalyst, deactivating it. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0920586199000747 Forzatti, P., & Lietti, L. (1999). Catalyst deactivation. Catalysis today, 52(2), 165-181. Give an example of heavy sweet crude and its sulfur content and API content. Eg. Nigeria Ebok Crude API – 19.8, sulfur content - 0.4 wt%. References/Bibliography [1] EIA, Petroleum Products Made from a Barrel of Crude Oil 2016, 2016. [2] ExxonMobil, Annual Report, ExxonMobil, 2016. [3] R.D. Shell, Annual Report, Royal Dutch Shell plc, 2016. [4] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [5] Magellan, Pipeline Product Specifications, 2017. [6] L. Gibbs, Motor Gasoline Technical Review, Chevron, 2009. [7] J. Bacha, Diesel Fuel Technical Review, Chevron, 2007. [8] S.B. Bakshi, F.H. Henderson, PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVELS FOR SELECTED MILITARY FUEL VAPORS, Inhalation Toxicology, 10 (1998) 955-961. [9] M.B. Vermeire, Everything You Need to Know about Marine Fuels, Chevron Global Marine Products, Belgium, 2012. [10] Chevron, Ethylene High Purity Pipeline Specifications, Chevron Phillips, 2010. [11] T. MAHMOOD, OIL TRANSPORT, STUDENT ENERGY, 2017. [12] D. Kodjak, POLICIES TO REDUCE FUEL CONSUMPTION, AIR POLLUTION, AND CARBON EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLES IN G20 NATIONS, 2015. [13] IMO, IMO sets 2020 date for ships to comply with low sulphur fuel oil requirement International Maritime Organisation, 2016. [14] R.G. Daniel Monzón, Alfredo Verna, Micaela Carlino, What is next for petroleum downstream?, Arthur D. Little, 2016. [15] BP, Annual Report, BP, 2016. [16] N.W. Hanf, M.J. Sole, High-temperature hydrolysis of sodium chloride, Transactions of the Faraday Society, 66 (1970) 3065-3074. Petroleum Refining Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
Views: 667 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 9 - Distillation Cut Point Control Part I
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Aviation Fuel Specs - Exxonmobil: https://www.exxonmobil.com/en/aviation/products-and-services/products/jet-a-jet-a-1 Atmospheric Distillation Process Fundamental Concepts - Andrew W. Sloley https://www.ch2m.com/sites/default/files/content/person/attachments/Atmospheric%20Distillation%20Process%20%E2%80%93%20Fundamental%20Concepts%20_no%20appendexes_.pdf Cut Point Adjustment (Penn State University): https://www.e-education.psu.edu/fsc432/content/cut-points Quality Control Video - Distillation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zE5mFUNbdIA Distillation Troubleshooting – Henry Kister https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Troubleshooting-Henry-Z-Kister-ebook/dp/B006ISI2RG/ref=mt_kindle?_encoding=UTF8&me= Distillation Operations / Distillation Design – Henry Kister https://www.accessengineeringlibrary.com/browse/distillation-operation#c9780070349100ch15 https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Operation-Henry-Z-Kister/dp/007034910X https://www.amazon.com/Distillation-Design-Henry-Z-Kister/dp/0070349096/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1512293995&sr=1-1&keywords=distillation+design Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems 1st Edition, Kindle Edition - Norman Lieberman https://www.amazon.com/Process-Equipment-Malfunctions-Techniques-Identify-ebook/dp/B006HS75G6/ref=pd_sim_351_5?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=307PRP1QQX7ZYMB4ZZZP My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 831 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 7 - Distillation (Atmospheric Tower)
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE Useful pdfs for Refining: http://inside.mines.edu/~jjechura/Refining/03_Crude_Units.pdf For a detailed look in the Atmospheric Distillation Unit, check out the Patent here: http://www.google.com.pg/patents/US2327534 Other References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007.
Views: 1674 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 13 -  Thermal Cracking Visbreaking   Fundamental Concepts
 
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For those who haven't cooked scrambled eggs before: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PUP7U5vTMM0&hl=en-GB&gl=SG TGU schematic: http://studylib.net/doc/8197657/shell-thermal-gasoil Shell TGU: http://www.shell.com/business-customers/global-solutions/refinery-technology-licensing/thermal-conversion.html References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 669 Theo Ong
Petroluem Downstream Crash Course 15 - Thermal Cracking Soaker Visbreaking
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Homework Answers: Besides using steam to control residence time in the furnace, you can control the extent of the visbreaking in soaking drums by controlling pressure. Higher Pressure = Longer Residence Time since High pressure limits the amount of evaporation (and cooling) allowed. At lower pressures, more vapour forms. Typical pressures: 750 psig (5170 kPa) for liquid-phase visbreaking 100 to 300 psig (690-2070 kPa) for 20-40% vapourisation at coil outlet Consider how injection of gas speeds up the liquid flow through the soaker (think perhaps slug flow or other multiphase liquid flows). More gas produced = less residence time. Hence, with lower pressure, it means less residence time (soaking). Typical conversion level: 15% selective to gasoline/gasoil/distillates ~80% selective to lower viscosity (visbroken) residue Gary, James H.; Handwerk, Glenn E.; Kaiser, Mark J.. Petroleum Refining: Technology and Economics, Fifth Edition (Page 113). CRC Press. Kindle Edition. More Readings: https://web.anl.gov/PCS/acsfuel/preprint%20archive/Files/45_3_WASHINGTON%20DC_08-00_0617.pdf http://nptel.ac.in/courses/103107082/module6/lecture4/lecture4.pdf http://www.digitalrefining.com/data/printed_adverts/file/Visbreaking.pdf The art of treating oils (coil visbreaker) US 1478102 A https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US1478102 Process and apparatus for distilling and visbreaking reduced crude US 3110663 A https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US3110663 Visbreaking: A technology of the past and the future http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1026309812000612 My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 993 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 2 - Product Specifications and Why They're Important
 
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Piston Engine, 4 Stroke Cycle: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGj8OneMjek More on Jet Fuel Specs (Jet A and Jet A1) https://www.exxonmobil.com/en/aviation/products-and-services/Products/Jet-A-Jet-A-1 How Jet Engines Work https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjiUUJdPGX0 Answers in Description Q1) Which region in the world has the fastest growing demand for petroleum products? The Asia Pacific region has the fastest growing demand among all the regions in the world. (Exxonmobil Annual Report, 2016) Q2) What is the difference between octane and cetane number? While both are indicators of fuel performance in an engine, octane number refers to how resistant petrol is to premature ignition. Cetane number is an indicator of how responsive (easy) a fuel, eg. diesel is to ignite. Q3) Why is cetane number important? Petrol engines and diesel engines work differently. Both rely on well timed ignitions of fuel. However, each engine relies on different ignition mechanism. Gasoline engines rely on sparks to ignite the fuel, hence the fuel should be compressed and only ignite when the spark goes off, premature ignition due to compression (knocking) is undesirable. Diesel Engines rely on the temperature of ambient compressed air to heat the fuel up to ignite. Fuel is only injected when the air is already compressed and hot enough and the piston is already ready for the fuel to ignite. Any delays in ignition are therefore undesirable. For a graphic animation see this video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WdQ4J-NFoU8 Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE References/Bibliography [1] EIA, Petroleum Products Made from a Barrel of Crude Oil 2016, 2016. [2] ExxonMobil, Annual Report, ExxonMobil, 2016. [3] R.D. Shell, Annual Report, Royal Dutch Shell plc, 2016. [4] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [5] Magellan, Pipeline Product Specifications, 2017. [6] L. Gibbs, Motor Gasoline Technical Review, Chevron, 2009. [7] J. Bacha, Diesel Fuel Technical Review, Chevron, 2007. [8] S.B. Bakshi, F.H. Henderson, PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVELS FOR SELECTED MILITARY FUEL VAPORS, Inhalation Toxicology, 10 (1998) 955-961. [9] M.B. Vermeire, Everything You Need to Know about Marine Fuels, Chevron Global Marine Products, Belgium, 2012. [10] Chevron, Ethylene High Purity Pipeline Specifications, Chevron Phillips, 2010. [11] D. Kodjak, POLICIES TO REDUCE FUEL CONSUMPTION, AIR POLLUTION, AND CARBON EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLES IN G20 NATIONS, 2015. [12] IMO, IMO sets 2020 date for ships to comply with low sulphur fuel oil requirement International Maritime Organisation, 2016. [13] R.G. Daniel Monzón, Alfredo Verna, Micaela Carlino, What is next for petroleum downstream?, Arthur D. Little, 2016. [14] BP, Annual Report, BP, 2016. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 1176 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 19 - Fluid Catalytic Cracker
 
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Sand Fluidised: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCiIUjPF060 Some commercial Vendors of FCC additives W.R. Grace: https://grace.com/catalysts-and-fuels/en-us/fcc-additives BASF FCC additives: http://www.catalysts.basf.com/p02/USWeb-Internet/catalysts/en/content/microsites/catalysts/prods-inds/process-catalysts/fcc-additives Additive as Vanadium Traps: http://www.ogj.com/articles/print/volume-92/issue-39/in-this-issue/refining/new-vanadium-trap-proven-in-commercial-trails.html References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 688 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 5  - Distillation Testing of Crude
 
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ExxonMobil Crude Oil Assay http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/company/worldwide-operations/crude-oils/assays Cut Points – by Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Author: Dr Semih Eser, Professor of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering https://www.e-education.psu.edu/fsc432/content/cut-points What are some of the different standard distillation testing methods for crude oil? And how do they differ from a true boiling point distillation test of more than 100 trays/plates and reflux ratio of 100? Suggested Ans: ASTM D2892 Conditions: Same as high purity TBP but ~15 plates, reflux ratio of 5, atmospheric pressure or vacuum. https://www.astm.org/Standards/D2892.htm ASTM D86 Conditions: Similar setup but no extra trays in the distillation column and zero reflux ratio, run at atmospheric pressure. https://www.astm.org/DATABASE.CART/HISTORICAL/D86-01.htm http://rut44.ru/download/115/astm_d86.pdf ASTM D1160 Conditions, D86 under low pressure near vacuum(~6.7 kPa or less) https://www.astm.org/Standards/D1160.htm More detailed explanation of ASTM D1160 here. https://www.researchgate.net/file.PostFileLoader.html?id=59793f7696b7e44cff52dcec&assetKey=AS%3A520543729143808%401501118704015 Why should there be different tests? Suggested Ans: With more plates and higher reflux ratio, the test might take longer to start up and complete. Imagine the vapour needs to travel up 100 plates vs zero. During startup, the vapour might need to condense back for a while before you collect your first drop. So tests such as ASTM D86 usually take less time than ASTM D2892 are good. You know for industry, time is money, results are needed fast. A distillation experiment can take hrs easily. References/Bibliography [1] EIA, Petroleum Products Made from a Barrel of Crude Oil 2016, 2016. [2] ExxonMobil, Annual Report, ExxonMobil, 2016. [3] R.D. Shell, Annual Report, Royal Dutch Shell plc, 2016. [4] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [5] Magellan, Pipeline Product Specifications, 2017. [6] L. Gibbs, Motor Gasoline Technical Review, Chevron, 2009. [7] J. Bacha, Diesel Fuel Technical Review, Chevron, 2007. [8] S.B. Bakshi, F.H. Henderson, PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVELS FOR SELECTED MILITARY FUEL VAPORS, Inhalation Toxicology, 10 (1998) 955-961. [9] M.B. Vermeire, Everything You Need to Know about Marine Fuels, Chevron Global Marine Products, Belgium, 2012. [10] Chevron, Ethylene High Purity Pipeline Specifications, Chevron Phillips, 2010. [11] T. MAHMOOD, OIL TRANSPORT, STUDENT ENERGY, 2017. [12] D. Kodjak, POLICIES TO REDUCE FUEL CONSUMPTION, AIR POLLUTION, AND CARBON EMISSIONS FROM VEHICLES IN G20 NATIONS, 2015. [13] IMO, IMO sets 2020 date for ships to comply with low sulphur fuel oil requirement International Maritime Organisation, 2016. [14] R.G. Daniel Monzón, Alfredo Verna, Micaela Carlino, What is next for petroleum downstream?, Arthur D. Little, 2016. [15] BP, Annual Report, BP, 2016. [16] N.W. Hanf, M.J. Sole, High-temperature hydrolysis of sodium chloride, Transactions of the Faraday Society, 66 (1970) 3065-3074. [17] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Petroleum Refining Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
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Thermodyanmics  - Excess Gibbs Free Energy (An Interpretation)
 
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Simple way of Interpreting Excess Gibbs Free Energy to help understand it. Contents: 0:00-3:10 Understand What a negative Gibbs Free Energy Change means 3:10-6:40 Recap on Ideal Solution 6:41-8:56 Explain significance of positive or negative excess Gibbs Free Energy 8:57-14:13 Chemistry approach to understanding mixing and interpreting Excess Gibbs Free Energy Thermodynamics Playlist by me, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV
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HYSYS Methanol Production from Flue Gas 1 - Fluid Packages and Components
 
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Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 25 - Refinery Complexity and Configuration
 
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Petroleum Products and a Refinery Configuration Online ISBN 978-1-4020-2820-5 Print ISBN 978-1-4020-2819-9 https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F1-4020-2820-2_2 Oil Refineries (Energy Technology Network) https://iea-etsap.org/E-TechDS/PDF/P04_Oil%20Ref_KV_Apr2014_GSOK.pdf Title Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization Volume 140 of Chemical Industries Authors Nour Shafik El-Gendy, James G. Speight Edition illustrated Publisher CRC Press, 2015 ISBN 1466596724, 9781466596726 Length 476 pages https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=-9eYCgAAQBAJ You can read up more about: - Sour water stripping system - Amine stripping system - Sulfur Recovery Claus Process - Hydrogen Generation Processes - Naphtha Stabilisation and Management of Light ends - Continuous Catalytic Reforming - Blending and storage - Coke/Petcoke Gasification - Petrochemicals
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HYSYS Methanol Production from Flue Gas 2 - Heterogeneous Reaction Kinetics Example
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
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Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 18 - Catalytic Cracking Concepts
 
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I APOLOGISE FOR THE SOUNDS... Haha. Zeolite Catalysts http://www.explainthatstuff.com/zeolites.html Zeolite Y Wolfgang Lutz, “Zeolite Y: Synthesis, Modification, and Properties—A Case Revisited,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2014, Article ID 724248, 20 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/724248 Sand Fluidised: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCiIUjPF060 Some commercial Vendors of FCC additives W.R. Grace: https://grace.com/catalysts-and-fuels/en-us/fcc-additives BASF FCC additives: http://www.catalysts.basf.com/p02/USWeb-Internet/catalysts/en/content/microsites/catalysts/prods-inds/process-catalysts/fcc-additives Additive as Vanadium Traps: http://www.ogj.com/articles/print/volume-92/issue-39/in-this-issue/refining/new-vanadium-trap-proven-in-commercial-trails.html My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007.
Views: 395 Theo Ong
chemostat i
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 343 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 22 - Catalytic Reforming Semi Regenerative Process
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. RON vs MON (Modern Petroleum Technology; 5th Edition Part II; Edited by G.D Hobson, Wiley 1984, page 786.) http://www.refiningonline.com/engelhardkb/crep/tcr4_29.htm Platinum Reforming Catalysts, Tech Review http://www.technology.matthey.com/pdf/pmr-v5-i1-009-012.pdf Acidic catalysis Zeolites http://itc-web.itc.uni-stuttgart.de/hunger/bilder/Buch05.pdf High-Temperature Dehydrogenation of Brønsted Acid Sites in Zeolites http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja709978r Process of reforming a gasoline with an alumina-platinum-halogen catalyst US 2479110 A https://www.google.com/patents/US2479110 Redispersion of Pt/zeolite catalysts with chlorine https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166983400801645 Platinum Chloride Acid Form https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloroplatinic_acid
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HYSYS  - Column Heat Integration Part I
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
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Wacky Designs and Ideas - Boron Fission Reactor
 
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Boron 11 - new nuclear fuel? https://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Nuclear-Power/Boron-A-New-Nuclear-Fuel-Which-Holds-Far-More-Energy-than-Originally-Thought.html Neutron capture reactions of boron 10 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5296588/ Accelerator Driven System http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/current-and-future-generation/accelerator-driven-nuclear-energy.aspx U-235 Chain Reaction http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/NucEne/U235chn.html Fusion D-T reaction https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fusion_power#Deuterium,_tritium Borax (Boron) prices https://www.alibaba.com/showroom/borax-prices.html Helium Gas Price https://www.alibaba.com/showroom/helium-gas-price.html My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 60 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 21 - Hydrotreating (catalysts, HDN, arosat and patents)
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. ExxonMobil SCANFining Process: https://www.exxonmobilchemical.com/en/products-and-services/technology-licensing-and-services/fuel-production An overview of new approaches to deep desulfurization for ultra-clean gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0920586103004127 Process for desulphurizing olefinic gasolines, comprising at least two distinct hydrodesulphurization steps https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US7651606 Gasoline desulfurization process US 5597476 A https://www.google.com/patents/US5597476 Process for hydrodesulfurization of diesel gas oil US 6217748 B1 https://www.google.com/patents/US6217748 Vacuum residuum and vacuum gas oil desulfurization US 3830731 A https://www.google.com/patents/US3830731 My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
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Extracting cross section data from nndc  - plotting multiple reactions with multiple isotopes
 
05:02
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HYSYS - Refining of Recycle Loop and Set Function
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 565 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 12 - Real Life Designs: Distillation Patent by Standard Oil
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Homework Answer: Standard Oil was the parent company of many major oil companies today founded by John D. Rockefeller. The original Standard Oil company was broken up into many companies for fear of Standard Oil having a monopoly of oil. The companies it broke into are recognised today as Mobil & Esso (phonetic for S.O., Standard Oil) a.k.a ExxonMobil and Chevron. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_Oil Website: https://www.google.com.sg/patents/US1997675 Bahlke William H, Stockdale Thomas E Patent No.: US1997675 A References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. [3] B.W. H, S.T. E, Distillation, Google Patents, 1935. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
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HYSYS   Creation of Flue Gas Stream and Water Absorption Tower
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
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Affordable Chem Eng Tools 1 - Installing Excel Add Ins and DWsim
 
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Some Resources: Enabling Macros in Excel (YouTube Video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vtTa8y6i_rM Peng-Robinson EOS Spreadsheet 1(YouTube VIdeo) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fhrd7Y_3epc PR-EOS (excel) http://www.eng.uc.edu/~beaucag/Classes/ChEThermoBeaucage/Preos.xlsx DW Sim Download (free software): http://dwsim.inforside.com.br/wiki/index.php?title=Downloads DW Sim Excel add in page: http://dwsim.inforside.com.br/wiki/index.php?title=Excel_Add-In_for_Thermodynamic_Calculations Tutorial for adding in XLL files (Livewire): https://www.lifewire.com/xll-file-2622527 Please also take a look at my pinned comment.
Views: 365 Theo Ong
Petroleum Downstream Crash Course 11 - Real Life Designs: Desalter Patent by CM Blair Jr
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Website for Patent: https://www.google.com/patents/US2446040 Inventor(s): Blair Jr Charles M Publisher: Google Patents References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. [3] B.J.C. M, Processes for desalting mineral oils, Google Patents, 1948. My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 314 Theo Ong
Chemostat iii
 
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Views: 20 Theo Ong
Petroluem Downstream Crash Course 16  - Commercial Visbreaking Technologies (Shell)
 
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References/Bibliography [1] J.H. Gary, G.E. Handwerk, M.J. Kaiser, Petroleum refining: technology and economics, CRC press2007. [2] D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education2007. Shell Thermal Conversion Technologies http://www.shell.com/business-customers/global-solutions/refinery-technology-licensing/thermal-conversion.html The TGU review by CB&I: http://studylib.net/doc/8197657/shell-thermal-gasoil Stock photo from: https://www.pexels.com/photo/dirty-industry-stack-factory-2391/ My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 287 Theo Ong
HYSYS Methanol Production from Flue Gas 3   Reactors and Exporting Reaction Kinetics
 
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Enzyme Kinetics pH effects Derviation
 
24:58
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HYSYS   Estimation of Fan Duty and Construction of Recycle Loop
 
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Views: 212 Theo Ong
OpenFOAM for Beginners win10 3 - running the cavity file and visualising with paraview
 
16:45
finite element analysis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLJMDn_2-d8 My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 24 Theo Ong
OpenFoam and Paraview Win10 Installation
 
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Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE https://www.howtogeek.com/261383/how-to-access-your-ubuntu-bash-files-in-windows-and-your-windows-system-drive-in-bash/ https://www.openfoam.com/download/install-windows-10.php https://www.paraview.org/download/
Views: 35 Theo Ong
GRE Analytical Writing   Analyse an Issue Timed Screencast
 
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GRE Analytical Writing: Analyse an Issue Pool: https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/issue/pool Attempted Question: Claim: Many problems of modern society cannot be solved by laws and the legal system. Reason: Laws cannot change what is in people's hearts or minds. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. As many of you would probably notice: My first sentence was wrong! Do notify me of more errors - it's a trial and error process. Anyway, from this typo we can learn that checking is quite important so that we do not produce embarrassing results. GRE General Test Vlog https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTDhZ49pSVdFohGmw86N2TC
Views: 375 Theo Ong
Affordable Chem Eng Tools - CSTR in Excel Part 1 (Preparation Steps)
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 65 Theo Ong
HYSYS Methanol Production from Flue Gas 6 - Heat Exchanger 1 (simple weighted and rigourous)
 
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My Engineering Thermodynamics Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YTpRlyFkzyOkxVg0sEbrdhV Petroleum Downstream Crash Course Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhPfNw4V4_YQ13CnhacUqEVk-tZlU4ISE
Views: 147 Theo Ong