The goal of this video is to take the CREATE TABLE statement we have and walk through the different ways to create primary keys. This and foreign keys are the most common constraints, so we need to make sure that you have this one down. Once we have a more complex database design with multiple tables, we will learn the proper way to create foreign keys. For now, I am going to keep all of our constraints at the column level, unnamed. The only exception is the primary key, because that is what we are focusing on in this video. The first way to create the primary key is at the column level, unnamed. The primary key is very important because it what we use to distinguish rows from one another. Every table you create is going to need a primary key, and I suggest putting a lot of effort into making sure your keys are set up correctly and organized. --Delete the table if needed: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The next way is at the column level, but named: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR)NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The general naming convention here is the table name followed by an underscore, followed by pk for primary key. Finally, the third way, which is at the table level, is the way we are going to create our primary key: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) Now, once you've created these constraints, you can use Oracle SQL Developer to find these constraints. Open your databases in the connections tab and find the table in the Tables folder. Double click your table and travel to the Constraints tab. You can tell here that the UNIQUE constraint still exists in this table, but it has a pretty disgusting name. It kind of wants to make me puke. Referencing that constraint in the future with that wacky name would be a burden. Engrave these three options in your head so that you can use any of them whenever you need and can read other peoples' code. Thank you for sticking with the series thus far. In the next video, we will be…doing something. See you then! :) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16107 Caleb Curry
In this video you will learn about Primary Key and Foreign Key Constraints in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 11667 ITORIAN
This video is going to be a tutorial on how to create composite and compound keys. The difference between a composite and compound key is that a composite key can consist of any columns while a compound key has to consist of columns that are all keys themselves. We will be working with a compound key because we are going to be using the an intermediary table that has two foreign keys. The combination of both of the keys have to be unique. First, if we have any other CREATE TABLE commands, we are going to comment those out. We will space out the CREATE TABLE to have each column on a line, then we will add constraints as needed. CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id, user_id ) Now, let's add the data types: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER, user_id NUMBER } Now, what about some column attributes? I'm going to make both of the columns NOT NULL because we always want the rows to have a user and a project: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL } Now, let's add the foreign key constraints. Now, what do we name these? We are going to add a primary key that covers both of these columns, so I'm going to be a sinner and not give these constraints names: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id), user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFFERENCES users (user_id) ) Now, the way we have it now is that if we delete a project in the project table, and there are any rows in the project_users table, it will throw an error and prevent deletion. I would prefer for it to also delete any project members. That would make sense because if you delete a project we want it to delete the associate between that project and certain users. The same goes for if we delete a user, we want their association with a certain project to be deleted. To do this, we need to add the ON DELETE command: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, ) Finally, let's learn how to create a compound or composite key. literally, the only difference is that you put a comma and add the second table inside of the parenthesis. CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, CONSTRAINT project_users_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id, user_id) ) Now, the combination of project_id and user_id cannot be null, is always unique, and has an index. The only thing we should do now is add a few indexes. We aren't done yet...In the next video we are going to figure out what columns would benefit from indexes and we'll add them to it. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 11883 Caleb Curry
SQL Tutorial 18: SQL foreign key constraint. Topic covered in this tutorial 1. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at column level 2. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at table level 1. Defining SQL foreign key using Alter Table statement Links Website article: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Primary key tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Create Table Tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Foreign key is an Input/output data constraint which is also known as referential integrity constraint. Foreign key represent a link or say a relationship between columns of tables. Similar to primary key constraint Foreign Key constraint is also of two types. Simple Foreign key constraint and Composite Foreign key constraint. Constraint which involves only one column in foreign key in child table and one column in reference key in parent table is called Simple Foreign Key. While the constraint which involves more than one column in foreign key in child table and more than one column in reference key in the parent table is called Composite Foreign Key.
Views: 103743 Manish Sharma
Candidate key definition and understanding with the help of examples. Happy Learning and Keep rising.
Views: 81576 Edu Therapy
This video tutorial explains about the difference between primary key and unique key in oracle sql which is also a to be asked interview quiestion. After watching this video you will be able to explain the difference between both the constraints.
Views: 2311 Kishan Mashru
Know about Primary Key Constraint in Oracle SQL Database or what is Constraints and Types of Constraints in an Oracle SQL Database | integrity Constraints in SQL Primary Key Constraint is nothing but its allowing Unique and Not null Values in columns Explaining constraints and types of constraints in Oracle or Constraints in Oracle SQL database or Constraints is nothing but a set of rules which is applied to the columns of any table in the database ------------------------------------ Assignment Link: ----------------------------------- https://drive.google.com/open?id=1eMUWZVzoltE-Bim6oPhy0muCoNPRnDjc In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 39 EqualConnect Coach
Primary key in Oracle what is primary key ? 1) Primary key is a single field or combination of fields that uniquely identified. 2)The primary key can not contain a null value. 3)A table can have only one primary key. 4)Primary keys must contain UNIQUE values. 5)Table can have only ONE primary key. CREATE TABLE Employee ( emp_id numeric(10) not null, name varchar2(50) not null, city varchar2(50), CONSTRAINT id_pk PRIMARY KEY (emp_id) ); Other option to Add ALTER TABLE Employee ADD CONSTRAINT id_pk PRIMARY KEY (emp_id); The syntax to drop a primary key : ALTER TABLE Employee DROP CONSTRAINT id_pk; #techquerypond https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://techquerypond.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 188 Tech Query Pond
Oracle Tutorials | Primary key & Foreign Key Reference key Relationship in Oracle | by Mr.Sudhakar L #Oracle #Tutorials #Videos ** For Online Training Registration: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Call: +91-8179191999 #OracleTutorials | #Primary_key_ForeignKeyReference ► Visit Our Website for Classroom Training: https://nareshit.in ► For Online Training: https://nareshit.com/ -------------------------- ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is having 14+ years of experience in software training industry and the best Software Training Institute for online training, classroom training, weekend training, corporate training of Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Spark, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in USA,Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada,Bangalore India which provides online training across all the locations -------------------------- ► Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5. Share Videos of each and every session. -------------------------- Please write back to us at [email protected]/[email protected] or Call us at USA: +1404-232-9879 or India: +918179191999 ** Check The Below Links** ► For Course Reg: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Follow us on Linkedin: https://in.linkedin.com/company/naresh-i-technologies ► Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/nareshitech/
Views: 759 Naresh i Technologies
SQL Server / T-SQL Tutorial Scenario: You are working as SQL Server Developer/ SQL Server DBA in Auto Insurance Company. You are asked to provide a query that should return list of all the tables with Schema Name, Column Name and Primary Key Constraint which has primary key constraint created on them. Link to scripts used in SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2016/03/how-to-get-all-tables-which-has-primary.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 1805 TechBrothersIT
materialized view log, with clause, primary key, rowid, column name, sequence$$
Views: 948 Dr. Girija Narasimhan
Books that we recommend for DBMS are: 1.Database System Concepts (Writer :Avi Silberschatz · Henry F.Korth · S. Sudarshan) (Publisher:McGraw Hill Education) https://amzn.to/2HoR6ta 2.Fundamentals of database systems(Writer:Ramez Elmsari,Shamkant B.Navathe) https://amzn.to/2EYEUh2 3.Database Management Systems (Writer: Raghu Ramkrishnan, JohannesGehrke) https://amzn.to/2EZGYph 4.Introduction to Database Management (Writer: Mark L. Gillenson, Paulraj Ponniah, Alex Kriegel, Boris M. Trukhnov, Allen G. Taylor, and Gavin Powell with Frank Miller.(Publisher: Wiley Pathways) https://amzn.to/2F0e20w Do check out our one point solution to all your Career/GATE/NET related queries: Counselling Guruji You can register for the program at: https://goo.gl/forms/ZmLB2XwoCIKppDh92 You can check out the brochure at: https://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.knowledgegate.in/guruji/counselling_guruji_brochure.pdf&sa=D&ust=1553069285684000&usg=AFQjCNFaTk4Pnid0XYyZoDTlAtDPUGcxNA Please spare some time and fill this form so that we can know about you and what you think about us: https://goo.gl/forms/b5ffxRyEAsaoUatx2 Your review/recommendation and some words can help validating our quality of content and work.. so Please do the following: - 1) Give us a 5 star review with comment on Google https://goo.gl/maps/sLgzMX5oUZ82 2) Follow our Facebook page and give us a 5 star review with comments https://www.facebook.com/pg/knowledgegate.in/reviews 3) Follow us on Instagram https://www.instagram.com/mail.knowledgegate/
Views: 318112 KNOWLEDGE GATE
To ask your doubts on this topic and much more, click on this Direct Link: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/lecture-foreign-key IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE: http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about the regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 272090 Techtud
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
Views: 31856 Durga Software Solutions
The concept of Super Key Candidate Key and Primary Key and the conceptual difference. To ask your doubts on this topic and much more, click on this Direct Link: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/lecture-super-key-candidate-key-and-primary-key IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE: http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about the regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 308125 Techtud
Dr. Soper shows how to create simple and composite primary keys and foreign key relationships in a SQL Server database using SQL Server Management Studio. Several different methods of creating keys and establishing relationships between tables are demonstrated.
Views: 423775 Dr. Daniel Soper
http://technotip.com/2931/primary-key-foreign-key-implementation-mysql/ Implementation of Primary Key and Foreign Key, using MySQL Practical approach and the benefits of using Primary and Foreign key concept in a relational database design.
Views: 240455 Satish B
In this video I use the DESCRIBE command to view the structure of the tables I created in a earlier video. This will show the columns and their data types. It also show the columns that are set as the primary key and fields that can except null data. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 16215 Lecture Snippets
Candidate, Primary, Alternate, Super and Composite key types in DBMS (SQL) Check my blog on this: https://sqlwithmanoj.com/2014/09/15/db-basics-what-are-candidate-primary-composite-super-keys-and-difference-between-them/ Check the whole "SQL Server Basics" series here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU9JMEzjCv14f3cWDhubPaddxRvx1reKR Check my SQL blog at: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 50724 SQL with Manoj
In the previous video we talked about adding constraints at the column-level. We made it nice and simple by only requiring a few keywords, but the problem we were having is that we could not assign a name to the constraint, which many people like to do so we can reference easily if we need to at a later time. To do this, it requires a little bit more typing, but it will give us extra flexibility and many consider it to be the higher quality approach to adding constraints. Let's go though a simple example. Let's say we have a users table with a user_id column that we want to make a primary key. We will create the table like this: CREATE TABLE( user_ id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY ) Instead of adding the PRIMARY KEY keywords after the data type, we add: CONSTRAINT user_pk PRIMARY KEY Now, we have assigned the name user_pk to this constraint. You can do the same with other constraints, such as UNIQUE. The syntax would be CONSTRAINT username_un UNIQUE. The other way to create constraints requires to put all of our constraints at the bottom of our table creation rather than inline with the column. This type of constraint is known as a table-level constraints. To make a column a primary key using table-level constraints, we add it to the CREATE TABLE command as if it is another row and use the CONSTRAINT keyword to tell Oracle that what is coming is a constraint, not a column in our table. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), CONSTRAINT username_un UNIQUE (username), CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) The primary differences here is that you have to put the column you are talking about in parenthesis after the PRIMARY KEY keyword. That's because it's at the end of the table and you need a way to tell it what column you are talking about. The option of putting it at the end of the table has the added benefit in this situation because if we needed to have a primary key that is the combination of multiple columns, we can do that by just adding the other column in the PRIMARY KEY parenthesis right after a comma. In summary, there are three ways to make constraints. The first is at the column level, unnamed. The second is at the column level, named. The third is at the table level, also named. In the next video we are going to create a named constraint in Oracle SQL Developer, so stay tuned and be sure to subscribe! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16465 Caleb Curry
by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج How To Add Primary Key Constraint To a Table.إضافة قيد المفتاح الرئيسى للجدول Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint
Views: 58661 محمد الدسوقى
Explaining the basic constructs of a relational database: Tables, Primary Keys, Foreign Keys, and Relationships. The database is normalized.
Views: 355111 minderchen
This is a free video tutorial by Kishan mashru on primary key constraint in oracle SQL, the video firstly explains what primary key constraint is and how it can be used along with its various limitations, then the video gives perfect examples to understand how to create a primary key at the column level i.e inline declaration, or at the table level i.e out of line declaration. The video gives the demonstration on ALTER TABLE ADD CONSTRAINT and ALTER TABLE DROP CONSTRAINT statements also.
Views: 730 Kishan Mashru
Oracle Forms | How to Create Auto Primary key By PRE-INSERT -36 To See More Forms Tutorial Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zsu4CWo_vwk&list=PLXXvCMuixAJU3Ap_FE2zSEBicv8IC5kDU To See More Reports Tutorial Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_0f_iILlmY&list=PLXXvCMuixAJUfU4ZISmPtHrmKe5qRvyVY Dear viewer, In this tutorial you will learn How to Create Auto Primary key by PRE-INSERT. You also learn How to Create Auto Primary key by sequence. Code: SELECT NVL(MAX(USERID),100)+1 INTO :USERID FROM USERINFO; Or, -Create Sequence Code: Select sequence_name.nextval into :USERID from sys.dual; To Get more Tutorial Subscribe The Channel click here https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ3ea4zVCfnKBx1_7h8raGQ?sub_confirmation=1 To Get All Post Like The Facebook Page Click here https://www.facebook.com/oracledbsolutions Follow us: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oracledbsolutions Youtube link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ3ea4zVCfnKBx1_7h8raGQ?view_as=subscriber Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/465557066961548 Contact us: email: [email protected] Skype: oracle26solutions Mob: 01734557080, 01627422780
Views: 233 OracleDB Solutions
This video explains about views in Oracle SQL, views are integral part of any database, and its important to clearly understand views to work with them. Views are named and stored sql statements which would be executed once we call the view, views in whole do not store the data except if its a Materialized view. Views are widely used in day to day programming and can be useful in various cases, we discussed about all those cases in this video. If you would like to learn more on materialized view, visit the below videos https://youtu.be/7PklhTCNxxw https://youtu.be/EDf8Pk-x_nA If you want to know the difference between views and Materialized view, visit https://youtu.be/BnNKws_7_jc Visit our blog at www.oracleplsqlblog.com All out youtube videos: www.youtube.com/c/kishanmashru
Views: 1571 Kishan Mashru
Oracle databases are often created with primary keys that are populated selecting from a database sequence. In this video I show one way to populate the primary key using the java entity object EntityImpl create method. I also show some trouble-shooting to perform if your sequence is not correctly set to the values in the database.
Views: 4890 Stuart Fleming
APEX 4.2.4 is out of date. Please try the APEX 18.1 video series. https://youtu.be/65LExgaQMHI This video shows how to switch a classic report to an interactive report. It also shows how to fix a problem when the primary key value on one page needs to be passed to a foreign key field in another page. Also, a page item is added and SQL is used to show information is display mode only.
Views: 8935 Jennifer Kreie
Course : Oracle SQL Online Training Mode of Training : Online Duration : 40 Hours Timings : Flexible Oracle SQL Online Training Demo Registration Link : http://svsoftsolutions.com/demo.aspx Introduction to SQL What is SQL? What Can SQL do? RDBMS SQL Syntax Database Tables SQL Statements Overview of Most Important SQL Commands SELECT UPDATE DELETE INSERT CREATE TABLE ALTER TABLE DROP TABLE CREATE INDEX DROP INDEX SQL SELECT Statement SELECT syntax Demo Database SELECT Column Example SELECT * Example SQL Distinct SELECT DISTINCT Statement SELECT DISTINCT Syntax SELECT DISTINCT Example SQL WHERE Clause WHERE Clause WHERE Clause Example Operators in the WHERE Clause SQL AND & OR Operators AND Operator Example OR Operator Example Combining AND & OR SQL ORDER BY ORDER BY Syntax ORDER BY Example ORDER BY DESC Example ORDER BY Several Column Examples SQL Insert Into INSERT INTO Syntax INSERT INTO Examples Insert Data into Specified Columns SQL UPDATE UPDATE Syntax UPDATE Example Watch out UPDATE statement. SQL DELETE DELETE Syntax DELETE Examples Delete All the Data SQL Aliases SQL Alias Syntax for Columns Alias Example for Table Columns Alias Example for Tables. SQL Joins Different SQL JOINs INNER JOIN LEFT OUTER JOIN RIGHT OUTER JOIN FULL OUTER JOIN SQL UNION UNION Syntax UNION Example UNION ALL Syntax UNION ALL Example SQL Insert Into Select INSERT INTO SELECT Syntax INSERT INTO SELECT Examples SQL Create Table CREATE TABLE Syntax CREATE TABLE Example SQL Constraints CREATE TABLE + CONSTRAINT Syntax NOT NULL Constraint UNIQUE Constraint UNIQUE Constraint on CREATE TABLE UNIQUE Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a UNIQUE Constraint PRIMARY KEY Constraint PRIMARY KEY Constraint on CREATE TABLE PRIMARY KEY Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a PRIMARY KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint on CREATE TABLE FOREIGN KEY Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a FOREIGN KEY Constraint CHECK Constraint CHECK Constraint on CREATE TABLE CHECK Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a CHECK Constraint DEFAULT Constraint on CREATE TABLE DEFAULT Constraint on ALTER TABLE To DROP a DEFAULT Constraint SQL Create Index CREATE INDEX Syntax CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Syntax CREATE INDEX Example SQL DROP Command The DROP INDEX Statement The DROP TABLE Statement The DROP DATABASE Statement The TRUNCATE TABLE Statement SQL ALTER Command The ALTER TABLE Statement ALTER TABLE Example Change Data Type Example DROP COLUMN Example SQL VIEWS CREATE VIEW Statement CREATE VIEW Syntax CREATE VIEW Examples CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW Syntax Dropping a View SQL NULL Values Working with NULL Values IS NULL IS NOT NULL SQL NULL Functions NVL COALESCE For more details visit our website : www.svsoftsolutions.com Or reach us @ USA : +1-845-915-8712 (Toll Free), India : +91-9642373173
Views: 2304 SV Soft Solutions
This video uses APEX 18.2 and shows the differences between version 18.1 and 18.2 when creating master-detail forms. A search feature for the primary key value is added and the primary key value is displayed, not hidden. Correction: At 8:24 in this video I say "semi-colon" when I should have said "colon." SQL code for the WHERE clause: where (:P12_SEARCH is null or upper(x."LNAME") like '%'||upper(:P12_SEARCH)||'%' or upper(x."FNAME") like '%'||upper(:P12_SEARCH)||'%' or upper(x."PERS_ID") =:P12_SEARCH ) order by "LNAME"
Views: 1293 Jennifer Kreie
In this video I use the CREATE TABLE command to create three tables: Books, Publisher, and Author. I use these three tables as sample data. The code I entered in is: CREATE TABLE BOOK ( BOOK_ID VARCHAR(4) PRIMARY KEY, ISBN_10 VARCHAR(10), ISBN_13 VARCHAR(13), TITLE VARCHAR(50), CATEGORY VARCHAR(15), PRICE DECIMAL(6,2), BINDING VARCHAR(1), PUB_DATE VARCHAR(4), AUTHOR_ID SMALLINT, PUBLISHER_ID SMALLINT ); CREATE TABLE PUBLISHER ( PUBLISHER_ID SMALLINT PRIMARY KEY, PUBLISHER_NAME VARCHAR(40) ); CREATE TABLE AUTHOR ( AUTHOR_ID SMALLINT PRIMARY KEY, AUTHOR_LAST VARCHAR(25), AUTHOR_FIRST VARCHAR(20) ); I have to create each table individually in the SQL commands window. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 110807 Lecture Snippets
Oracle Create table with composite Primary Key
Views: 214 VTGAMES
An interesting thing you can do with primary keys is that you can make a combination of columns the primary key. This is important when more than one column is required to make something unique. In an intermediary table, instead of having an association ID, we can have the combination of two rows as the primary key. This is known as either a compound or composite primary key. In the situation of using natural keys, composite keys are more common. For example, you could have a shopping website that allows multiple people from the same household to use a certain coupon you sent out. In this situation, you could use the address and the person's name as the natural primary key. What is the difference between a primary key and a column that has UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraints? The primary difference has to do with indexing. When you create a primary key, the column will automatically be indexed. This means that working with this data is faster. Now, we haven't talked a ton on indexes, but by default this will create a clustered index. UNIQUE constraints are also indexed by default, but the default index for a UNIQUE constraint is a non-clustered index. Clustered indexes determine how the table is actually stored, while non clustered indexes will make a sorted list that has reference to the data. This is not a life changing difference because these can actually be changed. We will discuss all of the details of indexing in future videos. As a side note, the IDENTITY column is not automatically indexed. How do we reference primary keys? This requires what is known as a foreign key, which we will discuss in the next video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 11336 Caleb Curry
Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 17422 Caleb Curry
Follow this step by step easy tutorial to learn how to create mysql Primary key and also see how tables are created. Don't forget to check out our site http://howtech.tv/ for more free how-to videos! http://youtube.com/ithowtovids - our feed http://www.facebook.com/howtechtv - join us on facebook https://plus.google.com/103440382717658277879 - our group in Google+ A primary key is basically a column in a database table, which can only have unique values in the individual fields. Further, it cannot contain NULL values. A single table will contain only one Primary Key, which can correspond to single or multiple fields. MySQL primary keys are actually implemented to avoid duplication within a database table In this tutorial we will learn to create MySQL primary key. Step 1 -- Switching to Appropriate Database In MySQL, primary key is applied on a particular field of the table. So for that, we have to start with creating a table. Over here, we have to specify in which database we will create the table. In our case, it is an HR database, hence, type the following: use HR and hit enter Step 2 -- Writing the Query Now let's start creating the table. Over here, we will name the table "Products" and it will have an identification field which we would name as "Product ID". This will be our primary key so for that we have to insert two keywords, NOT NULL and AUTO INCREMENT. Since we want numeric values for this field, we will give it the data type integer. Next, add a column for the product name. Let us define its data type as VarChar and set its maximum length as 50. After that, write the PRIMARY KEY keyword and specify the ID field within parenthesis. Insert a closing bracket followed by a semi colon in the end and hit Enter. Complete query would be: create table products ( prod_id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, product_name VARCHAR(50), PRIMARY KEY(prod_id)); And that is how we can create MySQL primary keys.
Form -------------------------------------- The easiest way to create a form is to use a wizard. For example, the Form on Table or View Wizard creates one item for each column in a table. It also includes the necessary buttons and processes required to insert, update, and delete rows from the table using a primary key. Each region has a defined name and display position; all other attributes are items, buttons, processes, and branches. Creating Reports ----------------------------------------- In Oracle Application Express, a report is the formatted result of a SQL query. You can generate reports by selecting and running a built-in query, or by defining a report region based on a SQL query. Thanks so much for watching this video If you are the first one in my channel Please subscribe to the channel If you have any comments on this video, then definitely give it in the comment box Facebook page Link: https://www.facebook.com/orclapexbd/ Blog Link: http://orclapexbd.blogspot.com/
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Tutorial on what is the difference between Primary key and Unique key this frequently asked question will help you in Oracle SQL database interview question This will clear few concepts of Constraint and over here the difference between Primary and unique key in oracle explained with the example or where to use Primary Key and where to use Unique Key in Oracle sql This will cover the Following question: 1) Primary key V/s unique key 2) primary and unique 3) primary and unique key in sql 4) difference between primary and unique key with example 5) difference between the primary and unique key in oracle 6) constraints in oracle 7) constraints in oracle with example 8) how to check constraints on a table in oracle ( will cover latter) 9) constraints in SQL how to find constraints on a table in desc table name drop constraint sql server alter table tablename drop constraint constraintName; follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR #equalConnectCoach #rakeshmalviya #Oracleconstraints
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In this video I have shown an demo how to create foreign key relationship between two tables (customers and orders table) using migrations.
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I have written a small sql code to find out all database constraints. Just be sure you have dba permission, otherwise you might not view all constraints. To see constraints separately for dba and user you can use user or dba instead of all, like user_constraints or dba_constraints, user_cons_columns, dba_cons_columns. I have used all_ to find out everything instead in a single query.
Views: 942 Subhroneel Ganguly
Oracle SQL Tutorials For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=4 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
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Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 How to Create table using command prompt and Create table using sql developer Blog Link http://bit.ly/1TkY4Oe Time Line 0:25 Introduction of Tables in Database 1:03 What is Create Table (Introduction of create table) 1:30 Syntax of Create Table 2:08 How to create table using Command Prompt 4:55 How to create table using SQL Developer Links for Oracle Database tutorials 4: database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt http://youtu.be/wSqoXRlXDUU You can have indepth knowledge about SQL create table here http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Today in this oracle database tutorial we will see How to CREATE A TABLE. if we have to define a table in layman language then we can say that Tables are just a collection of Rows and Columns but In RDBMS tables are database objects which help in organizing data into ROWS and COLUMNS. We can also say that SQL tables are kind of data structure which are used by database for efficient storage of data. To create a table in our database we use SQL CREATE TABLE command. SQL CREATE TABLE is a type of DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE also known as DDL. To Create a table in your schema you will require CREATE TABLE system privilege. In our future videos we will see what are system and object privileges and how to grant them to a user. Today for this video we will be using Sample schema HR which already has all the necessary privileges. Ohk Let's see the syntax. CREATE TABLE table name ( column name1 Data-Type(size), column name2 Data-Type(size), ..... ); CREATE TABLE is an oracle reserved word or say an Oracle key word whereas There are 3 different ways of creating a table in Oracle database. Creating a table using Command Line Interface (CLI) in Oracle database For demonstrating how to create table in oracle database using CLI, I'll be using Command prompt. Thats how we create table using command prompt. you can check your table structure by DESCRIBE command for that just write DESC and your table name. Like this Another way of creating a table is by using Graphic user interface (GUI) in Oracle database To demonstrate how to create table using GUI we will use SQL developer. Lets open our SQL developer I am connected to HR schema if you do not know how to create a connection to database using SQL developer please watch my oracle database tutorial 4 that explains database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt. Link for this video is in the description below. So lets create a table. Creating a table using SQL developer is very easy we do not have to fire any query here. Let's start First of all right click on your connection in which you want to create a table and choose schema browser. This will open a separate schema browser pane or you can expend your connection by clicking this + sign and then right click on table and choose New Table. However I prefer working with schema browser so let's skip to schema browser pane here from the first drop-down list you can choose connection name and in the second drop down list you can choose what database objects you want to work with we want to create a table thus I'll choose table and then click this arrow here and choose option for new table Ok we have created a table wizard first of all give a unique name to your table and add some column as well. For this, click the green plus button. Now we already have a column so give it some name. Also choose a datatype from the list and specify any size you can check this not null column if in case you want to make this a mandatory column you can also specify default value and constraint If you want to make this column a primary key you can click here In my future video i'll show you what are these constraints and different ways of applying them on a column in a table. for this video we will concentrate on create table only so when you are done with all your columns click ok Thats your table You can double click on your table here and can see its structure. Thats it
Views: 183424 Manish Sharma